Between 1474 and 1479, the Aztecs conquered the region, establishing what would be the last addition to the Aztec Empire. After the destruction by the Spanish, campaigns to subdue this area were carried out, followed by evangelization by the Dominicans and the Augustinians. Around 1530, the town was founded as a congregation called “El Pino”.
In the 20th century, the geographic configuration of the landscape changed. The construction of an electrical plant in 1938 ended with the Villa Victoria Dam flooding 2,900 hectares in 1947, creating the current reservoir which extends all the way to the state of Michoacan.
The dam is actually a series of dams named Valle, Tilostoc, Colorines, Ixtapantongo and the newest at Santo Tomas de los Platanos. With the creation of the lake came the development of exclusive resort facilities such as hotels, golf clubs, country cabins, sailing clubs and a myriad of restaurants.
Today, apart from its distinctive Mexican culture, Valle is most famous for being the weekend retreat of choice for the capital’s well-connected upper classes. The views at the lakeside are stunning, but the beguiling and largely intact colonial center is arguably the real draw here. Of all the things to do in Mexico, boating on the lake of the city is very popular, as is paragliding, and hiking and camping in the hills around town.