The archaeological sites in the state of Guanajuato are known to be settlements of what experts call “the Cultures of the El Bajío region”. Both the architecture and the ceramic remains found in these sites are proof of a regional peculiarity different from other cultures in Mesoamerica, even though they share similar characteristics to these societies.
Of all the things to do in Guanajuato, exploring the local archaeology is arguably the best way to spend your time. During your visit to the Peralta and Plazuelas archaeological sites, you will get to thoroughly enjoy learning about the Prehispanic history of the region.
Plazuelas is located in the same municipality as Barajas, about 30 miles west of Peralta, and share similar traits of the Mesoamerican Classical Period, hence it is possible that these three ancient cities shared constructors, inhabitants, religion, governments and traded as part of a common “Bajio tradition”. To this day very little is known about these societies, although the inhabitants are thought to have been hunter-gatherers, as these cities were settled upon trading routes popular throughout the country.
Over 1,400 years ago, in addition to Plazuelas and Peralta, there were four other important settlements in the region, namely: San Bartolome, San Miguel Viejo, Tepozan, and Loza Los Padres. Recurring themes within their archaeology confirm the ancient relations between these civilizations, as circular structures are common across prehispanic Mesoamerica.
However, these ancient soaring pyramids, monumental cities, and mythical mastery of astronomy and mathematics have spurred generations of explorers on a quest for better understanding, and Guanajuato is the perfect launching point for you to do some discovery of your own.