The Huasteca civilization developed along the Gulf of Mexico coast over a period of 6,000 years and flourished along river systems in parts of the Mexican states of Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Hidalgo and San Luis Potosí for about 2,500 years. The Huastecas may have been the first agriculturalists in Mexico. Their art and social organization reached its apex between 300 B.C. and 900 A.D, an era known as the Classic Period.
Archaeology in San Luis Potosi, home to some of the best waterfalls in Mexico, offers rich discoveries of Mayan ruins and Mexican architecture. For example, the vestiges of the Huasteca culture are preserved in urban areas in the form of pyramidal mounds and also in the depths of a lake.
The important site known as Tamtoc, experienced its peak between 900 and 1,000 AD. This political and religious center has various structures such as plazas for commerce, religious ceremonies, and for gatherings of political leaders.
Archaeologists tell us that the inhabitants of Tamtoc were farmers, fishermen, and hunters who caught animals, and in San Luis Potosi and the surrounding area archaeologists continually excavate finds. In 2009, thirty-eight skeletons were uncovered in the La Noria area, and in early 2011 bones and vessels were found with possible traces of food, hence the continuing research into the ancient Huastecas.
La Media Luna is a magical place in the central part of San Luis Potosi. It is full of history and pre-Hispanic traditions connected to the Pame, Macolia, and Guachichil ethnic groups, part of the Chichimec nation, who established themselves in the neighboring site of La Media Luna to use it as a center for the worship of Mother Earth. For this reason, underwater archaeologists continually carry out field work, finding offerings of pottery idols, vessels, and obsidian arrow tips, even the head of a mammoth head and many bones, plus turtle shells and fossils from the Quaternary Period.
Perfect for exploring and uncovering local history, and although it is a total step away from the usual adventure tours of the region, San Luis Potosi is the perfect location for experiencing a rich and vast Mexican history.