The Mayan ruins of Tulum are located 130 km south and 700 years from the popular resort of Cancun, and the contrast between the two can be measured in more than just distance and time. Cancun is a string of large resort hotels, which did not exist prior to 1974, and specializes in packaged vacations. Tulum, on the other hand, an important part of Mayan history, was built late in the thirteenth century, during what is known as the Mayan Post-Classic period.
Tulum, unlike any other Mayan city was built on the Caribbean coastline, serving as an important seaport that connected trading routes throughout the ancient Mayan kingdom, which at its height covered the entire Yucatan Peninsula, southeastern Mexico and all the way through Belize, Guatemala and beyond.
Made entirely of limestone, a 784 meter long wall encloses the site on three sides, one which undoubtedly served to fortify the city. After entering the ruins through one of five doorways in the wall, visitors are greeted by a field of gently-rolling hills. Black and grey stone outcroppings, which were once buildings, dot the beautiful sun-soaked landscape.
Its rich and interesting history, spectacular views of the Caribbean and its very own private beach make a visit to Tulum the perfect day trip for those who want to journey into this exciting world of well-preserved ancient archaeology.