San Luis Potosi is one of Mexico’s states with the greatest natural richness. Desert landscapes contrast the green horizon, harboring the most beautiful waterfalls in Mexico, rivers and natural pools. In addition to this, there are towns that preserve century-old traditions, Mexican architecture, rituals, clothing, Mayan ruins, music and food that have remained intact even with the arrival of new cultures, giving San Luis Potosi an aura of mysticism, and making it an important part of Mexican history.
Archeologists believe that indigenous people settled in San Luis Potosi as far back as 10,000 B.C. The Huastecos founded cities in the region, some of which have only recently been discovered. By the time the Spanish arrived, the Chichimecas had dominion over the area.
These native peoples repeatedly rebelled throughout the sixteenth century, and their uprisings continually affected the Spanish mining operations in the region and also resulted in a loss of lives on both sides. This series of war was halted with the appointment of the Seventh Viceroy of Mexico who negotiated peace with the Native Americans in 1585. Less than ten years later, additional mining operations were prompted throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
During the War for Independence, the territory remained under loyalist control until Mexico won the war. During the Mexican Revolution, the state was a major focal point since its railroad connected Mexico to the U.S. border region. Today, the state owes much of its prosperity to both the adventure tours industry and agriculture.